2, December 2013 39. Before the emergence of the feminist movement in the then British colonial Indian socio-cultural ambience, a woman appeared with a lamp for women’s emancipation who is nobody but Begum Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain (1880-1932) who hailed from an aristocratic Muslim family born in 1880 in Pairaband, Mithapukur, Rangpur district of the present-day Bangladesh during the British Raj in India. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! I am more interested in reading about politics, colonial history, and stories of resistance to dominant power structures.
The conversion of Ladyland from a male dominated space was conceived as unrealistic by Sultana. 'In their proper places, where they ought to be… We shut our men indoors.’. Rokeya too points to the social construction of gender and, with characteristic irony, dismantles the gender binary.
Strenuous work is the chore of electric machines; each street is a verdant garden; and laboratory work is completed in only two hours each day—fully-automated, luxury communism, anyone?
Through the story, she attempts to bring the issues that hindered women’s emancipation. Sultana’s Dream is a feminist utopia as it attempts to challenge patriarchal oppression by providing women with a lesson on self determination and worth. Sultana is delighted to see the way women manage and control everything.
My work has been published on the BBC, CNN, The Guardian, Thomson Reuters, Undark, and The Outline. I have an undying love for western Marxist and feminist theories. Also Read: 6 Indian Muslim Feminists In History. Therefore, as a feminist utopia, Sultana’s Dream offers no space for male domination and oppression.
That made her great. had separate universities” (Hossain, 2005, p.7-8 ). Image Credit: Linkedin Rokeya’s exceptional work Sultana’s Dream is based on an imagined Ladyland where women seem to have access to public spaces without being restricted by social or religious customs. Hussain Ahmed Liton | The Bengali short story was written in 1905 by Rokeya Sakhawat Hussain, a Muslim feminist, writer and social reformer who lived in British India, in what is now Bangladesh.
The Ladyland customs defy relations of kinship followed under male dominated world. Captive Balloon. She as the earliest feminist benefactor and a pioneering women’s educationist founded Sakhawat Memorial School for Girls in 1911 in Kolkata, West Bengal, India and a vocational training institute for women. Sadly but not hopelessly, we have miles to go for the sustainable human development of those vulnerable women and girls in this 21st century’s digitalised interconnected globe, otherwise we have to ruminate that “The hand that rocks the cradle is the procreator, the mother of tomorrow; a woman shapes the destiny of civilisation.
She in Sultana’s Dream pleads for women’s mandatory education that “…all the women in her country should be educated. floor), 45, Topkhana Road, GPO Box : 2526 Dhaka- 1000 and printed by him from City Publishing House Begum Rokeya’s feminist utopia Sultana’s Dream is science fiction, but it is science fic… And these are just a few books that I mentioned in a long list of many, many fantasy and science […].
Lady Science is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- NoDerivatives 4.0, A Feminist Foremother: Critical Essays on Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain, Astrophysicist Kim Arcand is Helping Everyone Experience the Universe, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- NoDerivatives 4.0. 7, No. During the colonial period, voyaging scientists harnessed imperial expansion to grow their stores of scientific knowledge, collectively imposing European dominion over the rest of the world. Rokeya’s husband, Khan Bahadur Sakhawat Hussain was an Urdu speaking, western educated, and ‘liberal’ minded deputy magistrate of Bhagalpur. They examine not only the problems that are chosen to be solved, but how hypotheses are formed and what counts as evidence. Ltd., 1 RK Mission Road, Dhaka-1000. And she was right: Sultana's Dream is an intriguing example of a feminist utopia -- an imagined world where women are socially and politically dominant over men, and that dominance is seen as natural. In an era when Namboodiri women weren't allowed to be seen by another man, Thathri Kutty used her sexuality to question the misogynist system. With constant familial questioning, Rokeya’s brothers educated Rokeya and her elder sister Karimunnessa at home. The Utopian Inversion of Gender in Sultana’s Dream: An Undesirable Remedy in the 21 st Century Gargi Ghosal, MA English 4 th Semester, Presidency University, Kolkata. "Just as we women are kept in Zenana? But half a century earlier, Rokeya was already beginning to explore these ideas in her writing. However, for a 21st century reader, at first glance the story may seem as recreating structures of domination and inequality but it focuses majorly on how the adversities of patriarchal oppression impacted the lives of Muslim women in the late 19th century. Rokeya’s exceptional work Sultana’s Dream is based on an imagined Ladyland where women seem to have access to public spaces without being restricted by social or religious customs. Her mother, the first of her father’s four wives, strictly followed the practice of purdah, whereby women were secluded inside a separate part of the household—called the zenana. Rokeya’s childhood memories and educational background allows her to reflect on issues plaguing women’s emancipation. By understanding their influence within science—and so scrutinizing how knowledge is produced in the same way that the objects of knowledge are scrutinized—she argues that scientists can achieve a truer understanding of the world and a better science. Born in 1880 into a Bengali-Muslim upper-class family, Rokeya had a conservative upbringing on a country estate in the colonial province of Bengal Presidency. Rokeya’s elder sister was married off before the age of fourteen after being sent to her maternal grandparents place because of her father’s objection to studying Bengali. She mingled her own vision keeping pace with the socio-economic and cultural reality of her people. Although Rokeya Sakhawat Begum’s work Sultana’s Dream is a feminist attempt at imagining a feminist utopia, named ‘Ladyland’, the story in itself draws a lot of inspiration from her own life experiences as a Muslim girl child born to an upper class Muslim family. In 1909, with money bequeathed from her deceased husband, she founded the Sakhawat Memorial Girls' School, the first school in Bengal for Muslim women.
Since, it provides a critique of patriarchy and the affect of it on women’s lives but barely examines caste and class backgrounds in perpetuating inequalities and discrimination among individuals. One example of bad science that has resulted in male-domination of the sciences is in scientific studies of women, which historically have rationalized gender stereotypes and led to patriarchal control of women’s bodies. I believe that patriarchy screwed up everyone’s life. Image credit: Cover of “Sultana’s Dream.” Text by Begum Rokheya Sakhawat Hossain and illustrations by Durga Bai for ‘Sultana's Dream.’ Original Edition ©️Tara Books Pvt Ltd, Chennai, India www.tarabooks.com. Before the revolution came, the Lady Principal’s scientific research had been dismissed by men as a “sentimental nightmare” for its focus on solving social problems rather than enhancing the state’s military power.
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