duluth missabe and iron range yellowstone
227 was one of 18 yellowstone-type locomotives built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works for the Missabe Road during World War II, years 1941 and 1943. But the War Production Board regulated the production of steam and diesel locomotives until the war emergency was over. Duluth and Iron Range Railroad Locomotive #3, Ore Car #251, 1884 & Bobber Caboose #22 (#52), 1893, Hand Car, Velocipede, Sleigh, Station Wagon, The Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railway, Lake County Historical Society Depot Museum. 390 Rainier Club, St. Paul and Pacific No. The following year, the Duluth and Iron Range Rail Road (D&IR) and Interstate Transfer Railway were added. Iron ore is heavy, and combined with the railroads steep grades, made transporting this material from the mines to the Great Lakes a tricky task and required great amounts of power. The Rio Grande returned the Yellowstones after air-brake failure caused No. 659, where it stood. [3][page needed], A visitor walks next to the wheels of a DM&IR Yellowstone locomotive, Rolling stock of former Soviet Union countries, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Web Site of ToyTrains1 2-8-8-4 Yellowstone Steam Locomotives, "Is This Monster Locomotive a HE or SHE? As a contrast, No. This was done to spare the crew from the heavy smoke output of the large engines on the former Central Pacific, where tunnels and snow sheds were common and lengthy. They were the only narrow gauge locomotives of this wheel arrangement.

They were the most powerful Yellowstones built, producing 140,000 l… Some of the locomotives had a cylindrical Elesco feedwater heater ahead of the smoke stack, while others had a Worthington unit with its rectangular box in the same location. The DM&IR donated #225 to the city of Proctor on the 25th of March, 1963, and put on display at Charles E Carlson Park, where it remains today. A locomotive of this length must be an articulated locomotive.

By July 1938, the two railways merged to form the DM&IR. During its 20-year operating life, shortened by dieselization, the No.

Capable of developing 6,000 drawbar horsepower, it made routine work of handling 180-190 car trains weighing more than 18,000 tons. Well-known photographer and Cumberland, MD, native William P. Price captured on still pictures and 8mm films, the EM-1s on the east side of Sand Patch pulling heavy trains with two of the B&O's 2-10-2 class S1 and S1a Big Sixes on the rear as helpers dispatched from Hyndman, PA. Near the end of steam they were all sent out to Fairmont and Wheeling, West Virginia, and Lorain, Ohio, with lake-bound coal trains as well as runs between Willard, OH and Garrett, Indiana, until the B&O started to retire them in 1957, and almost all of them were scrapped. Although the 225 is called a "Yellowstone", footplate crews called it a "Mallet" after Swiss engineer Anatole Mallet. The equivalent UIC classification is, refined for Mallet locomotives, (1′D)D2′.

B&O's president, Roy B. Passenger service on the Missabe division ended in 1957 and completely ceased system-wide in 1961. 7600 for railfan trips. White, after inspecting the first one delivered, said to the general superintendent of motive power and equipment, A.K. All of these had been leased by the DM&N since 1930. The DM&IR decided to build eight engines that would be similar to the Western Pacific's 2-8-8-2's. The tender carried 22,000 US gallons (83 m3) of water and 25 tons of coal.

But one locomotive, No. 227 is one of the largest and most powerful steam locomotives ever constructed. The Yellowstones met or exceeded the DM&IR specifications, so 10 more were ordered (class M-4). DULUTH, MISSABE, AND IRON RANGE RAILWAY: An Inventory of Its Records at the Minnesota Historical Society, List of United States railroads by political division, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Duluth,_Missabe_and_Iron_Range_Railway&oldid=986268741, Former Class I railroads in the United States, Former regional railroads in the United States, Predecessors of the Canadian National Railway, Transportation in Douglas County, Wisconsin, Transportation in St. Louis County, Minnesota, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 20:18. 225 is a class M-3 2-8-8-4 "Yellowstone" type steam locomotive currently on static display at Charles E. Carlson Park. 1 "William Crooks", https://lsrm-nssr.fandom.com/wiki/Duluth,_Missabe_and_Iron_Range_No._227?oldid=84. These locomotives were based upon ten 2-8-8-2s that Baldwin had built in the 1930s for the Western Pacific Railroad.

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227 at the Lake Superior Railroad Museum in Duluth and No. But this expansion left the Merritts on shaky financial ground, and in 1894, John D. Rockefeller gained control of the railway.

DM&IR No. When the U.S. entered World War II The American railroads saw increases in traffic. Clare shops in Baltimore, Maryland, the B&O took delivery of 30 class EM-1 Yellowstones in 1944 and 1945, the largest number and the smallest of this type built by Baldwin as well as the most modern. Indeed, even the 2-8-8-0 locomotives - the most powerful ones of the DM&IR's roster - needed a helping hand. However, there was a mix-up in communication, regarding the locomotive's status, the salvage crew scrapped No. They were the most powerful Yellowstones built, producing 140,000 lbf (620 kN) of tractive effort, and had the most weight on drivers so that they were less prone to slipping. Solid lines are track still in use; dotted lines are abandoned track. The type was generally named the Yellowstone, a name given it by the first owner, the Northern Pacific Railway, whose lines run near Yellowstone National Park. Nothing bigger could operate within the tunnel clearances and track restrictions on the B&O's main line. Duluth Missabe & Iron Range Yellowstone Mallet #229 and Markers, 5. The Missabe Road was saved by the passage on November 3, 1963, of the Taconite Amendment to the Minnesota State Constitution. But the firebed was too large for the available draft and the fire burned poorly. The engines began fading into obscurity as dieselization took hold. These were the P38 Class numbers P38.001 and P38.002.

Only one Yellowstone was retired before dieselization took place on the Missabe; No. One is on display at the California State Railroad Museum in Sacramento. It was built in 1941, and named... Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range No. Lake Superior Railroad Museum&North Shore Scenic Railroad Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. This merger was intended to increase efficiency.[2].

These new engines were built with large fireboxes and all-weather cabs requiring a second axle to be added on the rear truck. DM&IRs were the only Yellowstones to have a high-capacity pedestal or centipede tender, and had roller bearings on all axles. Duluth Missabe & Iron Range Yellowstone Mallet #229 Marker 3, 4. 227 was retired in 1960.

This enormous engine was built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1941 for the Duluth, Missabe and Iron Ridge railroad, one of the primary iron ore hauling railroads in Minnesota. Since cost and logistics of fuel and maintenance supplies were not paramount on the design constraints list, the decision was made to stay with a coal burning steam locomotive. By hinging the driving wheels in two sets, a much larger and more powerful locomotive could be built that could travel easier through curves. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2-8-8-4&oldid=976812127, Articles lacking in-text citations from May 2010, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 70,032 lb (31,766 kilograms; 31.766 metric tons), 228 by 96 in (5.79 by 2.44 m) with a 90 in (2.29 m) long combustion chamber, All thirty scrapped by 1960, none preserved, This page was last edited on 5 September 2020, at 05:23. Lake Superior Railroad Museum&North Shore Scenic Railroad Wiki, St. Paul & Pacific Railroad Baggage/Coach No. Total ore hauled by the two railroads peaked in 1929 at 27.8 million tons (long tons of 2240 lbs) and dropped to 1.5 million tons in 1932. 1, Northern Pacific Sleeper/Observation No. The engine was designed to operate efficiently at 45 miles per hour. [1][page needed] This was despite the Rio Grande's earlier assessment that these Yellowstones were the finest engines ever to operate there. Now, none of the EM-1s survive today. Galloway, "Well, I must say, they have everything! 659, almost made it to preservation. 224 to wreck on the Fireclay Loop. Mallet introduced locomotive articulation, in which the rear engine is rigidly attached to the main body and boiler of the locomotive, while the front engine rides on a separate truck attached to the rigid rear frame by a pivot so that it can swing from side to side. The next winter, the D&RGW again leased the DM&IR's Yellowstones as helpers over Tennessee Pass, Colorado, and for other freight duties.

Map of the DM&IR. Duluth, Missabe & Iron Range No. The Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railway (DM&IR) was a Minnesota institution that played a vital role in our country's steel production. It was built in 1941, and named after the Frenchman who designed it- Mallet (pronounced Mally). The Northern Pacific Railway was the first railroad to order a 2-8-8-4. Duluth, Missabe & Iron Range No. https://locomotive.fandom.com/wiki/Duluth,_Missabe_%26_Iron_Range_No._225?oldid=81014. The EM-1 produced 115,000 pounds-force (510 kN) of tractive effort on 64-inch (1.6 m) drivers with 235 pounds per square inch (1.62 MPa) steam pressure and four 24-by-32-inch (0.61 by 0.81 m) cylinders. On July 31, 1884, the D&IR carried its first ore shipment from the Soudan Mine. All Yellowstones had fairly small drivers of 63 to 64 inches (1.60 to 1.63 m). The EM-1s also ran on the Pittsburgh Division over Sand Patch Grade near Meyersdale, Pennsylvania, with empty hoppers, iron ore or dolomite loads westbound, coal eastbound, as well as general freight in both directions. 7600 for railfan trips mostly between Cumberland, MD, and Connellsville, PA. The ready availability of oil fuel in California made them possible. 227 had a pulling power of 30 times that of the WILLIAM CROOKS. Copyright © 2006–2020, Some rights reserved. This enormous engine was built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1941 for the Duluth, Missabe and Iron Ridge railroad, one of the primary iron ore hauling railroads in Minnesota. 227 was restored for the Museum through the efforts of the DM&IR Veteran Employees Association, which contributed in excess of $8,000 toward the project. The engine weighed 627,000 pounds (284 t) while the tender weighed 328,000 pounds (149 t) for a combined 1,010,700 pounds (458.4 t). “Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”, By William Fischer, Jr., October 10, 2014, 1. The metre gauge Central Railway of Brazil took delivery of four 2-8-8-4s from the German firm of Henschel in 1937.

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